Why did Catholic threat increase after 1566?

‘The main reason why the Catholic threat to Elizabeth I increased after 1566 was due to the Dutch Revolt’. How far do you agree? Elizabeth had been in power for eight years by 1566 and it was at this time that the Catholic threat began to increase.

Why was the Catholic threat greater by the 1580s?

Catholics saw Mary as the rightful queen of England. In 1570 the Pope produced a Papal Bull of Excommunication that said that Elizabeth was excommunicated (thrown out) of the Catholic Church and he ordered Catholics not to obey her. This meant that by the 1580s Elizabeth was under threat from the Catholic Church.

How did the Dutch revolt increase Catholic threat?

– The Dutch revolt also increased the threat as it brought Alba’s 10,000 Catholic troops in close proximity to England. – Elizabeth’s actions also increased the threat as, by sheltering Dutch Sea Beggars and taking the Geonese loan, she damaged Anglo-Spanish relations.

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How did Catholic plotting threaten Elizabeth’s reign?

Another feature of the Babington Plot of 1586 was that English Catholics would rise up and rebel against Elizabeth. With support from the Pope they would kill Elizabeth and replace her with Mary Queen of Scots who many Catholics saw as a more legitimate monarch.

What was Elizabeth’s response to the Catholic threat after 1580?

Medium level response

Elizabeth passed harsh laws against Catholics. Firstly, the Act of Persuasions passed in 1581 raised the fine which recusants had to pay and allowed the imprisonment of recusants. The Act against Priests was also passed in 1585 and allowed the death penalty for anyone shielding Catholic priests.

Why did Mary pose a threat to Elizabeth?

Mary, Queen of Scots was a threat to Elizabeth’s rule because she had two claims to the English throne: Many people believed Elizabeth to be illegitimate and so felt she had no right to be on the throne. … Elizabeth had converted England’s official religion to Protestantism , leaving many Catholics disgruntled.

How effectively did Elizabeth deal with the threat from Spain?

Its complete failure effectively ended any threat England faced from Spain. Elizabeth did not follow up this success. Despite the advice of the ‘sea dogs’, she knew that England needed a strong (but non-threatening) Spain to counter-balance France.

Why did the Dutch Revolt in 1566?

Why were the Netherlands so important? The Netherlands were ruled by Spain but the English saw the Netherlands as a vital place for trade. By 1572 Protestant ideas had spread in the Netherlands and Protestant Dutch rebels began a campaign for independence from Catholic Spain, leading to the Dutch Revolt.

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What happened to Catholicism in Elizabethan England?

Roman Catholicism was enforced in England and Wales during the reign of Mary I. Protestants were persecuted and a number were executed as heretics. Many fled for their own safety to Protestant states in Europe. However, all this changed on the death of Mary and the accession of Elizabeth I in 1558.

Why did population increase in Elizabethan England?

During the reign of Elizabeth I, the population rose from three to four million people. This increase was primarily due to a rise in fertility and a falling death rate and meant, in simple terms, that the country’s resources now had to be shared by a greater number of people.

What was Elizabeth’s greatest threat?

Elizabeth’s greatest problem in 1558 was the threat of invasion.

Was the Babington Plot successful?

The Babington Plot of 1686 was the third key plot against the life of Elizabeth I (following the Ridolfi Plot in 1571 and the Throckmorton Plot in 1583). The Babington Plot ultimately resulted in not just the execution of Anthony Babington and his conspirators, but also Mary, Queen of Scots.

Why was the papacy a threat to Elizabeth?

The papal bull of excommunication issued on 25 February 1570 declared that Elizabeth was a pretender, and called upon her subjects to disobey her. This showed that the pope did not consider Elizabeth to be the lawful ruler of England and that he wished to remove her from power.

How was the papacy a threat to Elizabeth?

The Northern Rebellion, an uprising led by Catholic nobles in the north, was the first serious threat to Elizabeth’s power. The pope’s bull was issued to support this rebellion. The papal bull excommunicated Elizabeth and stated that English Catholics were not required to obey her.

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Why did Elizabeth feel that the religious settlement was necessary?

The Religious Settlement was an attempt by Elizabeth I to unite the country after the changes in religion under Henry VIII, Edward VI and Mary I. It was designed to settle the divide between Catholics and Protestants and address the differences in services and beliefs.