The doctrine of papal infallibility means that the Pope cannot err or teach error when he speaks on matters of faith and morals ex cathedra, or “from the chair” of the Apostle St. Peter—that is, in his role as supreme teacher of the church.
When did the pope become infallible?
In 1854, Pius IX decreed the doctrine of the Immaculate Conception to be infallible in his bull, Ineffabilis Deus. The First Vatican Council in 1869-70, in its Pastor Aeternus decree, declared that the pope was infallible when he spoke “ex Cathedra” – or from the papal throne – on matters of faith and morals.
Does the Catholic Church believe the pope is infallible?
Catholicism maintains that the pope is infallible, incapable of error, when he teaches a doctrine on faith or morals to the universal Church in his unique office as supreme head. When the pope asserts his official authority in matters of faith and morals to the whole church, the Holy Spirit guards him from error.
How many times has a pope declared infallibility?
Only one pope—and only one papal decree—has ever invoked this kind of infallibility since it was first defined. In 1950, Pius XII declared the Assumption of Mary (i.e., the quick passage of her body and soul into heaven) as a dogma of the church.
What are the four conditions of infallibility?
For Saint John Henry Newman enumerates four conditions, saying: “He speaks ex cathedra, or infallibly, when he speaks, first, as the Universal Teacher; secondly, in the name and with the authority of the Apostles; thirdly, on a point of…
Why is the Catholic Church infallible?
The ordinary and universal episcopal magisterium is considered infallible as it relates to a teaching concerning a matter of faith and morals that all the bishops of the Church (including the Pope) universally hold as definitive and only as such therefore needing to be accepted by all the faithful.
Is the Catechism of the Catholic Church infallible?
While the catechism contains the infallible doctrines proclaimed by popes and ecumenical councils in church history — called dogmas — it also presents teachings not communicated and defined in those terms. In other words, all dogmas are considered doctrines, but not all doctrines are dogmas.
What are the infallible dogmas of the Catholic Church?
They are baptism, confirmation, the Eucharist, reconciliation (penance), anointing of the sick, marriage, and holy orders. This number was confirmed by the Council of Trent against the Protestant reformers, who maintained that there were only two sacraments (baptism and the Eucharist).
What does the word infallibility mean?
Definition of infallible
1 : incapable of error : unerring an infallible memory. 2 : not liable to mislead, deceive, or disappoint : certain an infallible remedy. 3 : incapable of error in defining doctrines touching faith or morals.
What is meant by outside the Church there is no salvation?
The Catechism of the Catholic Church states that the phrase, “Outside the Church there is no salvation”, means, if put in positive terms, that “all salvation comes from Christ the Head through the Church which is his Body”, and it “is not aimed at those who, through no fault of their own, do not know Christ and his …
Is the Bible inerrant and infallible?
There is a widespread confusion among Evangelical and Christian fundamentalist circles that biblical infallibility means that the Bible cannot contain errors while inerrancy implies that the Bible contains no errors. However, the concept of infallibility has no relation to errors, but the impossibility of failure.