What is the main central part of a church called?

nave, central and principal part of a Christian church, extending from the entrance (the narthex) to the transepts (transverse aisle crossing the nave in front of the sanctuary in a cruciform church) or, in the absence of transepts, to the chancel (area around the altar).

What is the entrance of a church called?

The narthex is an architectural element typical of early Christian and Byzantine basilicas and churches consisting of the entrance or lobby area, located at the west end of the nave, opposite the church’s main altar. … By extension, the narthex can also denote a covered porch or entrance to a building.

What is the basement of a church called?

A crypt (from Latin crypta “vault”) is a stone chamber beneath the floor of a church or other building. It typically contains coffins, sarcophagi, or religious relics.

What is the area behind the pulpit called?

The chancel is generally the area used by the clergy and choir during worship, while the congregation is in the nave.

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Where is the altar located in a church?

Altar – This is the most noticeable feature of a Roman Catholic Church. In traditional cruciform churches the altar stands in the middle of the east wall, at the top of the cross shaped building.

What is the central walkway of a church called?

Probably you call all the walkways around the pews in a church aisles. … The central walkway is called the nave. The word aisle comes from Latin “ala” (meaning “wing”), so it probably describes the side walkways in a church.

What are the three parts of the church?

Churches Militant, Penitent, and Triumphant – Wikipedia.

What is an apse in church?

apse, in architecture, a semicircular or polygonal termination to the choir, chancel, or aisle of a secular or ecclesiastical building. First used in pre-Christian Roman architecture, the apse often functioned as an enlarged niche to hold the statue of a deity in a temple.

What is the wall behind the altar called?

use. In altarpiece. The term reredos is used for an ornamental screen or partition that is not directly attached to the altar table but is affixed to the wall behind it. The term retable simply refers to any ornamental panel behind an altar.

What is the back room of a church called?

The sacristy is usually located inside the church, but in some cases it is an annex or separate building (as in some monasteries). In most older churches, a sacristy is near a side altar, or more usually behind or on a side of the main altar.

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What are the four parts of the church?

The words one, holy, catholic and apostolic are often called the four marks of the Church.

What is a chapel or porch at the entrance of a church called?

Such a room is sometimes called a parvise which spelt as parvis normally means an open space or colonnade in front of a church entrance.

What are the different parts of the church called?

The names for the parts of the church are in red after each number.

  • Narthex.
  • Façade towers.
  • Nave.
  • Aisles.
  • Transept.
  • Crossing.
  • Altar.
  • Apse.

What are the parts of a church sanctuary?

3 Sanctuary

In most churches, the sanctuary is in front of the nave, and kept separate by railing if possible. This area is home to the altar, tabernacle, pulpit and a chair for the priest or pastor. The pulpit is generally raised and used during the sermon, or instructional time of the service.

What is the front of a cathedral called?

When you walk through the main front door of the cathedral, generally called the West Door, you enter into the narthex. The narthex is a congregating space, often separated from the main worship area by another set of doors. The narthex has changed quite a bit over the years.

What is church pulpit?

pulpit, in Western church architecture, an elevated and enclosed platform from which the sermon is delivered during a service.