Did Socrates believe in one god or gods?

Did you know? Although he never outright rejected the standard Athenian view of religion, Socrates’ beliefs were nonconformist. He often referred to God rather than the gods, and reported being guided by an inner divine voice.

What God did Socrates believe?

Socrates is described as hearing an inner voice that he believed was God’s. This was not the god of Anaxagoras. Socrates, according to Plato, faulted Anaxagoras’ nous (ultimate mind and soul, or God) as dead mechanics rather than a power with knowledge and design.

Did Socrates know about God?

Socrates thus continues to contradict himself through his alleged claim to divine wisdom even though he has no sense of God or of death. … Through his outlook, however, he knows nothing of what is in the sky other than his beloved God, who happens to be the truth of good and of divinity.

What did the Socrates believe in?

Philosophy. Socrates believed that philosophy should achieve practical results for the greater well-being of society. He attempted to establish an ethical system based on human reason rather than theological doctrine. Socrates pointed out that human choice was motivated by the desire for happiness.

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Why did Socrates believe in only one God?

While to the Athenians gods are human-like and confused, Socrates believes god to be perfectly good and perfectly wise. His god is rationally moral. His god also has a purpose. This purpose is to better men’s souls, to make them become perfectly good, as the god is.

Did Socrates believe heaven?

No heaven and hell (in the Medieval sense) in Ancient Greece. See Greek underworld for the original Greek idea of afterlife. No reason to assert that Socrates believed in reincarnation.

Why do Socrates accusers believe that Socrates does not acknowledge the gods?

The opposition to Socrates on the part of Meletus and his associates was based to some extent on religious grounds. Because Socrates did not believe in the gods recognized by the state, it was inferred that he did not believe in any divine being.

Does Plato believe in God?

To Plato, God is transcendent-the highest and most perfect being-and one who uses eternal forms, or archetypes, to fashion a universe that is eternal and uncreated. … God must be a first cause and a self-moved mover otherwise there will be an infinite regress to causes of causes.

How does Socrates respond to Meletus accusation that Socrates does not believe in any gods?

Socrates replies to Meletus that, in doing harm to others and hurting all of society, Socrates would thus also be hurting himself, as a member of society. … Socrates then addresses the accusation that he does not believe in the gods sanctioned by the state, assuming that this is the negative influence Meletus refers to.

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What did Socrates believe in psychology?

Socrates, Plato, & Descartes: Believed the mind and body were separate entities (dualism) and that most ideas, thoughts, traits, etc., were inborn. (Nature over Nurture).

What was Socrates motto?

Socrates’ motto was, “You have to know yourself before you can say something about yourself or about what you can know.” He asked people questions like: What is Wisdom?

What are 4 things that Socrates believed or taught?

Though Socrates characteristically professed his own ignorance regarding many of the (mainly ethical) subjects he investigated (e.g., the nature of piety), he did hold certain convictions with confidence, including that: (1) human wisdom begins with the recognition of one’s own ignorance; (2) the unexamined life is not …

What is Socrates most famous statement?

“The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.” “The unexamined life is not worth living.” “There is only one good, knowledge, and one evil, ignorance.” “Be kind, for everyone you meet is fighting a hard battle.”

Did Socrates believe in an afterlife?

Socrates’ view is that there is either an afterlife, or that death is an eternal sleep. … His reasoning for this view is that death will free him from judgment associated with his present life, and allow him to face judgment by the true judges outside of the present world.